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PostPosted: Wed Feb 18, 2015 8:53 am 
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Dieting, Fasting Help Fight Inflammatory Diseases

Dieting and fasting may be a little extreme when it comes to losing weight, but it may work just fine in helping to fight inflammatory diseases, according to a new study.

When the body is deprived of food, such as the case when fasting and with certain diets, it releases a compound called B-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) that directly inhibits NLRP3, which is part of a complex set of proteins called the inflammasome. The inflammasome drives the inflammatory response in several disorders including autoimmune diseases, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, atherosclerosis, and autoinflammatory disorders.

Fasting isn't just for blood tests and the religious. New animal and human testing has revealed that cycles of fasting for two to four days can trigger regeneration of new immune cells, while clearing out damaged cells. It even helps protect against the toxic effects of chemotherapy, a new study suggests.

Fasting Is Great for Your Body, Researchers Say

"These findings are important because endogenous metabolites like BHB that block the NLRP3 inflammasome could be relevant against many inflammatory diseases, including those where there are mutations in the NLRP3 genes," Vishwa Deep Dixit, one of the researchers at the Yale School of Medicine, said in a statement.

BHB is a metabolite produced by the body in response to fasting, high-intensity exercise, caloric restriction, or consumption of the low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet.

While it is well-known among scientists that fasting and calorie restriction help to reduce inflammation in the body, they weren't sure how immune cells respond and adapt when glucose is less available, and if the cells can respond to metabolites produced from fat oxidation.

To get to the bottom of this question, the researchers exposed BHB to mouse models of inflammatory diseases caused by NLP3. They focused on how macrophages - the specialized immune cells that produce inflammation. What they found was that the presence of BHB successfully reduced inflammation in the mouse models. The same could be said for those mice put on a ketogenic diet, which increases the levels of BHB n the bloodstream.

"Our results suggest that the endogenous metabolites like BHB that are produced during low-carb dieting, fasting, or high-intensity exercise can lower the NLRP3 inflammasome," Dixit concluded.

The findings were published in the journal Nature Medicine.

http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles ... seases.htm


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PostPosted: Sat Feb 21, 2015 12:37 pm 
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Eating Healthy Is A Mental Disorder, Scientists Say

These days, it seems that everyone has that one friend who brings their own organic, gluten free, vegan health food alternatives to the family barbeque. However, psychiatrists have started diagnosing those who eat an abundance of health foods as mentally ill.

It is no secret that Americans are obsessed with food and nutrition, but as more people find new ways to incorporate health foods into their diet, some are forming an unhealthy obsession with health food dieting fads. Some are even developing anxiety over which foods are considered “safe” to eat.

Much like OCD, the obsession with raw, natural, non-GMO food can become a compulsion that deprives people of mental stability and nutrients.

Three years ago, 28 year-old Ashley Bailey began a health food diet after suffering from chronic abdominal pain, digestive problems, and other health related issues. When Bailey’s health began to improve, she got even more extreme in her eating habits. After a year, she had eliminated gluten, grains, dairy, meat, starches, and most fruits from her diet.

“I had extreme anxiety about everything I ate and became acutely aware of how every ingredient made my body feel…I broke down crying once because I could taste so many different flavors, and I didn’t know what they all were or where the ingredients were sourced.”

Bailey had developed a complex focused on health food diets which she took to dangerous extremes, depleting her body of much needed proteins and calories. She said in an interview with CNN that “I called my sister and said, ‘I think I have an eating disorder.'”

This particular eating disorder is called “Orthorexia nervosa” by psychiatrists, and is associated with a pathological obsession with health foods to the point where such a diet is disruptive to a so-called “normal” lifestyle. Some may even develop a fear of food, such as vegan food blogger Jordan Younger, who became sick, stopped having her period, and suffered from panic attacks while in the grocery store.

“I had known in the back of my mind for a while that I had developed many fears surrounding food, and it was clear to me that I was becoming more and more limited in what I was comfortable eating,”

Although the term Orthorexia has been around since 1997, it has garnered more attention lately as the new eating disorder is on the rise, due to rising health concerns and food awareness.

Doctors encourage eating health foods, but warn against developing an unhealthy obsession with food organically grown in specific locations or extreme diets that exclude vital nutrients.

As of now, the orthorexia is not yet classified in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM, long considered the bible of psychiatric disorders.

Dr. Tim Walsh, who was part of the DSM-5 Work Group, says that it was partly due to timing, as there was not enough published works on the disorder, and partly because many of the symptoms can be classified under the criteria listed for avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder.

“The thinking about orthorexia has merit, but whether we need a new diagnostic label, I don’t know,”

Other objections to adding Orthorexia to the DSM include the vilifying of health foods by the food industry as a way of maintaining the relevancy of the “profits first, people second” profit motive.

Jeffery Jaxen, Heath and Wellness blogger for Sott, scoffs at the practice of psychiatry saying that it is in bed with the same pharmaceutical industry producing the drugs used to treat the disorder in a conflict of interests, saying that by “stepping back and looking at the ones pushing this label on us shows highly questionable motives.”

“In short, if you turn your back on low quality, corporate food containing known cancer causing toxic additives and a rich history of dishonesty rooted in a continuous ‘profits over people’ modus operandi, then you may suffer from a mental illness. The cherry on top is that if you have the pseudo-science labeled disorder of orthorexia nervosa, you will be prescribed known toxic, pharmaceutical drugs from some of the same conglomerate corporations that you are trying to avoid by eating healthy in the first place.”

Jaxen says that as consumers buy more health foods and walk away from processed food, the food industry retaliates. Jaxen maintains that food industry bankrolls the pharmaceutical industry, who can pressure psychiatrists to diagnose with orthorexia. This allows them to continually prescribe expensive and harmful drugs for treatment in a continuous cycle.

http://www.inquisitr.com/1860459/eating ... tists-say/


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